Sunday, November 1, 2020

COVID-19 Update #45

The following is the data we have from our local Crown Heights community since the beginning of October (coinciding roughly with the beginning of Sukkos). The information is accurate to the best of our knowledge, although we suspect that there is a degree of underreporting and the numbers are likely in fact higher.   

These total approximately 90 cases; the vast majority of these reflect patients who were symptomatic and then tested positive for COVID. A small amount are those who were not tested but in whom there is a very strong clinical suspicion of COVID, and a small amount are those who tested positive but did not have symptoms. These cases are almost entirely among local residents of Crown Heights. Among these 90 patients, 4 appear to be reinfections; the rest of the infections are in those who have not previously been ill with COVID. 

The average age of these 90 patients is approximately 34 years old. 14 of these patients are above the age of 60, and when assessing this higher risk group (those above 60 years of age), the following is the graph of when these patients developed symptoms. 

A  small handful of these patients over 60 years of age required hospitalization, all within the past week or two. Of those who required hospitalization, all are back home Boruch Hashem, and we wish them a speedy and complete recovery. We must remain cognizant that this illness may still be severe and occasionally dangerous to life.

From the above data, some observations can be made:

  • COVID is currently present in our community, spreading locally, and has recently begun to affect those above age 60 more than during the month of Tishrei. The overall numbers of those infected remain relatively low, Boruch Hashem, and we pray it continues that way. 
  • As expected, infection rates in schools and yeshivas appear to be low at this time. Older vulnerable teachers must however still be cautious.
  • Reinfection does indeed seem to be a real phenomenon, however for the time being seems to be not a common occurrence. In that vein, we are cautiously optimistic that the widespread infection we’ve experienced as a community in the spring is contributing a degree of protection, and accounts for the continued relatively low numbers locally. We hope and pray it continues this way. 
  • Those currently getting sick seem to be less ill than those who were getting ill in the springtime. Of the possible factors accounting for this phenomenon, the one that seems the most plausible is a decreased inoculum (amount of viral particles) that any person who contracts the virus is exposed to. In March/April individuals were exposed to multiple infected others, none of whom were wearing masks or distancing. Currently the average exposure is to a single individual, who may hopefully be wearing a mask, and thus the recipient is going to get infected by a smaller infectious load.  It is too early to state whether there is also an inherent change in the virulence of the virus. There obviously remains a lot to learn.

Based on this data and the observations above, the following are some recommendations which are an attempt to continue to protect our vulnerable, keep our schools open, and allow our community to go on living their day to day lives as close to normal as possible:

  • Those who are most vulnerable (those above age 60, and those who have not been sick) should be particularly careful to socially distance and insist on mutual mask wearing during social contact. People in this category should be careful not to mingle at kidushim and simchas.
  • Anyone who is feeling ill should stay home and not risk giving the illness to others, and definitely wear a mask. They should follow isolation guidelines, unless specifically cleared from COVID by their healthcare provider.
  • Quarantine: This is designed to prevent spread of disease by those who may have caught the virus, have become infectious, but have not yet felt sick and therefore wouldn’t normally stay home. At this time we understand that most of the community has quarantine burn out; stopping everything and being alone for 14 days has become very impracticable and onerous. IYH we hope cases will soon decrease locally and only be few and far in between, and quarantine will not continue to be a burden.
  • Testing: Recent change in rules by the government suggest an ever increasing reliance on testing, in order to determine prevalence in any one area. We hope that our neighborhood will not enter under that restriction, but it would appear that testing will become more common, as long as we continue to have cases.
  • All of the above measures are designed to reduce prevalence of new cases. The relative contribution of each measure is unclear, but taken together we can reduce the spread locally.  Reducing local spread is the most important thing we can do to ensure that our day to day lives, including school, shul, work, social engagements, etc, can continue in as normal a manner as possible. 

With a fervent prayer that this whole episode will be over soon, and we can go forward to greet the Rebbe in joy and good health!

  • The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen

Monday, October 5, 2020

COVID-19 Update #44

Gut moed. Currently, nine of our neighboring zip codes are scheduled to have their schools and non-essential businesses closed, pending approval from the governor; many other zip codes, including 11213, are being watched closely. 

Regardless of one's political beliefs or leaning, it’s clear that with respect to Covid, we as a community have two primary goals: 1) Avoid serious illness, and 2) Keep our schools open

There is still a risk of serious illness from COVID. In addition, it has become increasingly clear that our schools may close if we’re not more careful.

Our greatest chance of avoiding serious illness and keeping our schools open depends on our ability to unite as a community and take COVID precautions seriously. This is all the harder now, during Sukkos and approaching Shmini Atzeres/Simchas Torah, typically a time of widespread communal rejoicing. Nevertheless, preservation of life and the chinuch of our children are considerations which ought to supersede all others. 

As we address the above, we must make the painful medical recommendation that the crowded dancing of Simchas Beis Hasho’eva, with people from other neighborhoods and those of all ages and conditions, not take place this year in the usual manner, due to the risk of spreading the virus. Similarly, the crowded indoor nature of Hakofos risks spreading the virus; other ways of conducting Hakofos, such as outdoors and with precautions, are recommended. In addition, given the fact that many of our neighboring communities have outbreaks, bochurim going on Tahalucha to the neighboring communities involves the risk of spreading the virus between our communities and should be avoided as well.  

The preceding paragraph contains our medical recommendations, and we await psak from the Rabbonim and input from the Mashpiim on these issues.

We feel it is important to openly address a question that has crept up: Why should those with symptoms get tested at all, if doing so could increase the “positivity rate” and put our schools in jeopardy? 

This is a dangerous gamble. Without positive proof of the virus, many of those with only mild symptoms may not isolate for the required time, and their close contacts (without positive proof of exposure) will not appropriately quarantine.  Practically, this approach carries the risk of COVID running unchecked in our community and spreading in high risk circles G-d forbid. In a halachic system that places supreme value on human life, not testing in an open society (where there is daily interaction between those who are vulnerable and others) is a high risk strategy that we cannot follow. Those that are sick must get tested, and as a community we should follow the isolation and quarantine guidelines laid out in update #42.

The 2 following oft mentioned behaviors cannot be stressed enough.


IYH we will get through these next few weeks together as a community, and accomplish our goals of avoiding serious illness and keeping our schools open.  

  • The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen

Thursday, September 24, 2020

COVID-19 Update #43

We continue to have new cases here in our community. Tracking precise numbers is difficult due to underreporting; at this time we are aware of several dozens of cases, although we suspect there are more. The cases appear to primarily involve those in the younger age group, who have done well, although several older members of the community have also been affected; we continue to monitor their progress and pray for their speedy recovery. With few exceptions, the new cases have been in those who have not had Covid previously. It is too early and misleading to claim that the illness is lighter than it was at Purim time. What is true is that treatments have changed, and that these new approaches may well save many lives. 

As Covid continues to be present in our community, we would like to remind everyone to please continue to be mindful of the following:

If you are not feeling well, please stay home. Do not go to shul, socialize with others, etc. Adherence to this advice is probably THE most important public health measure that can be practiced at this time. Although we are generally used to going to shul, work, and school regardless of how we feel, changing this behavior for the time being and staying home is necessary to keep our schools open and shuls safe. 

Please get tested if you don't feel well, and please follow the isolation/quarantine guidelines on our previous update. Remember that if you are not feeling well, isolate until you receive pending test results. Due to insensitivity of testing, those with suspicious symptoms require 2 negative tests before being declared disease free.  We do not recommend testing of asymptomatic persons at this time (even if exposed, as a negative test does not absolve one from quarantine).

Please wear a mask when unable to socially distance, for example in shul, in stores, and other crowded settings. It is clear that transmission of the virus will be reduced with universal mask wearing. 

If you are above age 60 or have underlying health conditions, please take special precautions during this time. Avoid crowded indoor places, avoid socializing with those who may place you at risk, and take care to optimize social distancing during this time. 

May we all be blessed with a gmar chasima tova and a year of only revealed good. 

- The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen

Sunday, September 13, 2020

COVID-19 Update #42

Over the past 24 hours we have become aware of multiple new cases of COVID here in Crown Heights, both in residents and those from out of town. This represents for the first time since Purim a very worrisome surge in new cases.  It is critical that those at risk for serious illness remain protected.

It is time to restart outdoor and porch minyanim, to the extent feasible. Particularly for those above age 60 or with underlying health issues (including obesity).

Indoor shuls should consider additional minyanim to allow for increased distancing, and everyone should be wearing masks.

Those above age 60 or with underlying health issues - please avoid crowded places, especially indoors. In addition, as beautiful as hachnosas orchim is, for your own safety please consider not hosting those who attend crowded indoor places, such as 770.

Those who planned to visit Crown Heights in the upcoming weeks: Please consider postponing your plans for the time being.

If anyone has any COVID-like symptoms, STAY HOME. Arrange to get tested. Follow guidelines for isolation and quarantine (which mean the same thing but refer to different scenarios), detailed as follows:  

If you have covid, or suspect you have covid, you must isolate and keep yourself separate from other people. Isolation lasts until the following 2 conditions are both met. 1) 10 days pass from symptom onset (or positive test, whichever comes first), AND 2) One is feeling better, and is without fever, for a full 24 hours.  If you suspect you have covid but have two negative tests, you may discontinue isolation, unless told otherwise by your doctor.

Someone with covid or suspected covid is considered contagious starting 48 hours prior to their beginning of symptoms (or positive test, whichever is first), and until their isolation is over.

If anyone is in close contact with someone who is considered contagious according to the above criteria, they need to quarantine. (Close contact is defined as within 6 feet for 10 minutes, regardless of mask use.) Quarantine means to be kept separate from other people, and lasts for 14 days from the last point of close contact with the contagious person. Testing negative does not allow one to discontinue quarantine. If one were to test positive while in quarantine, they would follow isolation guidelines above.

- The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen

Friday, September 11, 2020

COVID-19 Update#41

Given the recent developments of continued positive cases in our community, many of which are associated with 770, and given the inherent crowded indoor mixing nature of 770, we strongly advise that all people avoid davening in 770 for the time being. There is significant risk of contracting the virus in 770 currently.  We would like to stress that even those who previously had the virus or have antibodies cannot consider themselves at no risk. Those who are older or at risk, or who live with or interact with those in this category, are particularly warned against davening there for the time being. 

Wishing everyone a very good Shabbos, 
- The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen. 

Wednesday, September 2, 2020

COVID-19 Update #40

 We continue to see new cases in Crown Heights, including cases of community spread, indicating that the virus is spreading among us. This worrisome trend is mirrored in our neighboring frum communities in New York City, which are seeing many new cases as well, unfortunately. 

Below is a graph of cases locally here in Crown Heights, expressed as a moving 7-day average of daily cases (in order to better convey the change over time). 

As can be seen, the absolute number of cases remains low, however we are having a disturbing increase in the frequency of cases. An additional critical feature is that whereas in July the cases were all those coming from hotspot areas, our recent cases now include a handful which seem to be community spread.  

More cases of reinfection have been reported worldwide as well as here, but at this time it appears to be a rare phenomenon. The next month will be very telling, as a lot of policy is predicated on considering those who have had the virus as not likely to be infectious or become reinfected.

In addition to the above, we now have children returning from camps (many of which appear to have had outbreaks), travelers returning home, and an influx of students and guests, and therefore we will likely experience an increase in the amount of cases seen on a daily basis.

What do these facts mean for the average member of anash ,living here in Crown Heights,and what should be done about the situation?

Those members of anash who remain vulnerable (predominantly those who did not have the disease, although even those who have had the disease may have lost some immunity), and are at high risk (due to old age or underlying medical disease, including obesity) need to protect themselves. We suggest taking the following measures, knowing how difficult it will be to carry out.

  • Those at risk should be careful when opening their homes to relatives and friends who may be carrying the virus. The best, but not fool-proof, policy would be to only host those who have had the virus, exercising care at all  times, not to have larger crowds in small quarters where people have masks off while eating. Additionally, avoiding socializing with anyone who should be in quarantine or who does not feel well.
  • Shul services: Outdoor minyanim where there is spacing and fresh air are still preferable. Alternatively, find a shul with a stable minyan, not crowded, where distancing is possible. We do not consider the Kiddush, where masks are off, a safe place to be.
  • The traffic in 770, along with the physical difficulties of distancing and lack of mask wearing, make it a particularly high risk venue. We advise those who are vulnerable not to daven there. 
  • Avoid crowded indoor simchas. Studies have shown that singing/talking together loudly indoors, and even dancing together outdoors, is a most effective way of spreading the virus. 
  • Wearing a mask. Much has been said pro and against, however this is not a political/social issue but a medical one. It is clear that if all parties wear masks at all times in public there will be reduced spread of the virus. It is also true that for many, mask wearing is bothersome and seems pointless. Presented with rational guidelines perhaps smart mask wearing will take place.
    • All those that are vulnerable should wear a mask when in any public forum (except when walking down a quiet sidewalk, where the possible obstruction to vision may outweigh the minimal benefits). In addition to whatever degree the mask is protective, it also serves as a sign to others that you are vulnerable.
    • Everyone, including those who have had the illness, when in close social contact with strangers (not immediate family) should wear a mask. This is most helpful in the event that one is unbeknownst to themselves possibly infectious.
    • In any crowded indoor setting where close social contact is unavoidable, one should wear a mask. At simchas and large gatherings of people, even outdoors, masks should be worn.
    • One who is in quarantine but who needs to go out for essential purposes must be strict with themselves to wear a mask at all times in public, and not engage socially with others. 

The other side of protecting the vulnerable and not spreading the virus is the responsibility that each and every one of us has to our fellow. Please, please, if you or your children do not feel well in any slight way, even if you consider this to be absolutely nothing that would normally hold you back, these are different times and require a different action.  STAY HOME if you have even minor symptoms, and arrange to be tested. You should isolate until your test results come back. If positive, please follow your healthcare provider’s recommendations for isolation and quarantine as appropriate. It must be stressed again that isolation/quarantine requires one to stay in their place of residence all the time.  A person with mild symptoms may well be infectious. Extreme caution (going beyond your comfort zone) in order to protect others is the order of the day. In a similar vein, to protect    oneself, one should avoid socializing with others who have even mild symptoms. 

As schools return, this is also critical. If schools are to continue functioning normally, then we cannot afford to have multiple cases in any school.  Any child who is just not quite themselves should not attend school. Neither should children/teachers who are in quarantine. All of the protective mechanisms in schools will fail if sick children (or teachers) go to school, and thus jeopardize our efforts to keep the schools open.

On a closing note, failure to report illness due to COVID to those who may need to take some sort of action and protect themselves is a dangerous practice. There is no embarrassment to being ill, or inadvertently exposing others. Tell those with whom you have had contact so that they themselves don't become spreaders.  If anyone has new symptoms suspicious of COVID, or confirmed COVID, please log that here: New COVID Registry

May we only have good news and continued health. 

Ksiva Vachasima Tovah,

- The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen  

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

Guidelines regarding those who wish to visit for the month of Tishrei

 26 Menachem Av, 5780

Visitors should only come to Crown Heights for Tishrei if they have proof that they have been previously ill with the virus.


Only the following will be acceptable:

  • Positive viral test (dated more than 10 days prior to arriving in Crown Heights) OR positive antibodies, as per lab reports in visitor’s name.

For Tishrei purposes, one who has not had the virus should not visit Crown Heights. Quarantine, either in Eretz Yisroel, NYC, or elsewhere, will NOT be an option. The above guidelines are in addition to local health mandates applicable while in New York, and are subject to change at any time. 

-The Gedaliah Society, in conjunction with Dr. Rosen


We hereby confirm once again what we have written in the past not to come here unless following the conditions prescribed by the local doctors as above.

Horav Avrohom Osdoba

Horav Yosef Braun


כו מנחם אב, תש"פ

מבקרים רשאים להגיע לקראון הייטס לתשרי רק אם יש להם הוכחה שהם חולים בעבר בנגיף.

רק הדברים הבאים יהיו מקובלים: 

בדיקה ויראלית חיובית (מתוארכת יותר מעשרה ימים לפני ההגעה לקראון הייטס) או נוגדנים חיוביים, לפי דיווחי מעבדה על שם המבקר.

למטרות תשרי, אסור לבקר קראון הייטס על מי שלא חלה בנגיף. בידוד (בארץ ישראל, ניו יורק, או במקום אחר) לא יהיה אפשרות. ההנחיות לעיל הינן בנוסף לתחומי הבריאות המקומיים החלים בניו יורק, וכפופים לשינויים בכל עת.

אגודת גדליה, ועד רופאי השכונה


הננו בזה לאשר עוד הפעם מה שכתבנו מכבר שאין להגיע לכאן בתקופה הקרובה זולת בתנאים שנזכרו ע״י הרופאים, כנ״ל.

הרב אברהם אזדאבא

הרב יוסף ישעי׳ ברוין